In Asturias, the name "ESCANDA" is used to point out different families of wheat such as fisga (spelt), Povia (T. T. sub. Dicoccum) and The Scana (T.M. sub. Monococcum). Which we describe below:
TRITICUM AESTIVUM SUB. SPELTA. IN ASTURIAN "FISGA" OR COMMON SPELT
Hexaploid (AABBDD). First domesticated soft wheat ,panfiable, which we know. Direct descendant of the Triticum Turgidum sub. Dicoccum (Asturian Povia) and Ae. tauschii sub. strangulata D genome donor.
TRITICCUM TURGIDUM SUB. DICOCCUM. IN ASTURIAN "POVIA,PAVIA,POVIDA"
Tetraploid (AABB). First domesticated durum wheat (ground) known. From it subsequently descended subspecies of durum wheat
TRITICCUM MONOCOCCUM SUB. MONOCOCCUM. IN ASTURIAN "ESCAÑA MENOR"
Diploid. First wheat "domesticated". Also known as Einkorn. Before the dicoccum and the spelt. There are findings dating back more than 22,000 years.